Penguin anatomy and physiology



Skeleton of a Magellanic Penguin
By H. Zell - Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Body function

On the following sites I want to inform about some anatomical and physiological facts about penguins.
Click on the markers in the following graphic or on the chapters in the menue.

Heart and blood circulation Salt glands Counterflow heat exchanger Genitals Flippers Feathering Respiration

There were also strange looking penguins observed that had abnormal feather staining or physical deformities. The site "Aberrations" shows some interesting photos of penguins you probably have never seen before and explains the causes of the aberrations.

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Further information


Last update: 19.01.2021
Currently under construction: Design and texts.